Volvo Penta 2020 New Model And Performance – Volvo Penta 2020
The European Union (EU) Stage V regulations are appointed to booty aftereffect in January 2019, acute new discharge banned for agent and spark-ignited engines acclimated in a array of automated applications. For the aboriginal time, engines beneath 19 appliance (kW) and aloft 560 kW will be included in the legislation.
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While accepted Stage IV regulations absolute the all-embracing accumulation of atom emissions, Stage V will additionally affect the cardinal of particles emitted.
The contempo ConExpo exhibition in Las Vegas, US, was the belvedere for abounding new agent announcements in alertness for Stage V. Abounding of the above manufacturers had ‘Stage V ready’ engines on affectation to allure the absorption of the 128,000 attendees of this year’s show.
US-based Cummins apparent the abutting bearing of “ultra-clean construction, mining and abstracts administration engines to the US market.”
The affiliation of Cummins’ new Single Module aftertreatment arrangement – with agitation and air-handling technology – allows the F3.8, B4.5, B6.7 and L9 engines to be Bankrupt Gas Recirculation (EGR)-free. This agent ambit can ability architecture accessories from 75 to 321 appliance (kW).
Hugh Foden, controlling administrator of off-highway business at Cummins, says, “Although the Stage V regulations do not anon affect North America, Cummins technology enables us to action cogent artefact and technology enhancements to architecture accessories manufacturers for 2019. This abutting bearing of articles will address to every OEM attractive for decidedly bigger achievement with lower installed costs for Tier 4 Final, as able-bodied as those defective a simpler access to consign to Europe and bottom adapted regions.”
For accomplishment behemothic Liebherr, all of the agent models can be accumulated with the Liebherr SCRFilter arrangement to accede with Stage V. The latest models presented to the bazaar in the average ability ambit up to 560 kW are the 2019 6-cylinder 12 litre D956, 13.5 litre D966 and the D976 with 18 litres displacement.
One of the above allowances of Liebherr’s modular agent concept, the aggregation says, is that barter will save time and costs in amalgam the Stage V band-aid into their machines as the all-embracing ambit and interfaces during accession breach the same. This access additionally allows barter to use the aforementioned apparatus architecture for assorted discharge standards.
The new 6-cylinder engines (available from 2019) all accept a ‘further optimised’ agitation and are burning and weight-optimised. D956 and D966 will action a bargain oil-consumption for continued account intervals.
A new agent that is advised for use in abundant off-duty artery machines is the C9.3B from Caterpillar. The automated 9.3 litre agent is said to bear 205 to 340 breach kilowatt (bkW) and 2,081 Newton accent (Nm) torque. It will accommodated Stage V, Tier 4 Final and beneath emissions standards.
The C9.3B gives 18 percent added ability and torque and has a “simplified and 30% abate afterwards analysis compared to the antecedent stage/tier.”
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Victoria Reeves, automated artefact business administrator at Caterpillar, says, “We accommodated discharge standards while carrying added ability density, ammunition efficiency, and bargain complication to add absolute bulk for our customers. Our accepted platforms ensure best uptime and accredit our barter to accommodated common emissions standards from one apparatus platform.
Another new barrage is from Perkins, allotment of Caterpillar, with a ancestors of 4-cylinder, 2.8 to 3.6 litre agent engines giving 45 to 100 kW. Named the ‘Synchro’ range, it will accommodated assorted emissions standards including Stage V and Tier 4 Final.
The new 2.8 and 3.6 litre engines action aerial ability and torque body to accord Original Accessories Manufacturers (OEMs) the befalling to move to smaller, added bunched engines, explains the UK-based agent manufacturer. The ambit is engineered to accommodate into added than 80 altered apparatus models.
Allister Dennis, new artefact administrator at Perkins, says, “The contempo advances in ammunition systems, ascendancy systems, predictive engineering and afterwards analysis ensures our new 2.8 and 3.6 litre engines are the appropriate band-aid for off-highway machines like wheeled loaders, tractors, telehandlers and excavators.
“We’ve now started assignment on this ancestors of engines to accord us and our barter affluence of development and acreage validation time afore Stage V introduction.”
Perkins has additionally broadcast its automated agent ambit with four new articles in the 9-18 litre category. The accession of a 9 litre 1700 series, a 13 litre 2200 series, a 15 litre 2500 alternation and an 18 litre 2800 series, is said by the aggregation to “more than double” the ability ambit ahead offered by Perkins, extending it from 8.2 to 597 kW.
The PowerTech agency of Stage V accessible engines from John Deere includes 2.9, 4.5, 6.8, 9 and 13.6 litre agent displacements with ratings of 36 to 448 kW.
The aboriginal of its abutting bearing engines is the 13.6 litre archetypal that was appear at the ConExpo appearance in Las Vegas aftermost month. The aggregation says that its engineers developed this agent “to accommodated the needs of both its centralized applications and all-around OEMs.”
The ambition was to access the ability of the 13.6 litre engine, but not the size. John Deere accomplished bargain amalgamation sizes with ‘next generation’ afterwards analysis solutions that accommodate up to a 39 percent abridgement in admeasurement and 57 percent abridgement in weight, the aggregation says.
Production of the 13.6 litre agent is planned to activate in 2020.
Volvo Penta’s Stage V abstraction was additionally alien at the contempo ConExpo. As with antecedent discharge steps, the agency for the aggregation includes all bristles engines – D5, D8, D11, D13, and D16 – accouterment a ability ambit of 105 to 565 kW. On affectation was the 6-cylinder D11 engine, with ability achievement alignment from 235 to 285 kW, and a akin bankrupt afterwards analysis arrangement (EATS) to advertise the Stage V offering.
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The agent concept
The absolute accepted automated agent ambit from Sweden-based architect Scania – 9, 13 and 16 litres, from 202 to 566 kW – is adopted to Stage V. The aggregation says that it had a lot of “parallel abstraction developments” to acquisition the best solution, cartoon on acquaintance from its Stage IV/Tier 4 Final concepts but additionally from its barter division.
Anders Liss, VP of sales at Scania Engines, says, “We accept been able to abolish the EGR [Exhaust Gas Recirculation] and added genitalia to accomplish an easier and added able-bodied accession of the agent for the customer, with accumulated SCR [Selective Catalytic Reduction] and DPF [Diesel Chapped Filter] to accomplish the regulations.
“We accept called to use DPF because of the acquaintance acquired from this adjustment in our barter division, and to be able to fulfil the bulk of particles. Together with the SCR equipment, this gives us the achievability to get a actual quick and able engine.”
Many manufacturers, such as Scania, accept gone bottomward the avenue of accepting rid of the EGR in favour of appliance the aggregate of a SCR and DPF for Stage V. These companies accommodate Liebherr, Cummins, John Deere, Cat and Volvo Penta.
Liebherr abhorred the use of an centralized EGR for both Stage IV and V as it begin that it resulted in an colossal cooling and in charcoal contagion of the oil.
Martin Ryley, administrator of business casework and sales engineering (EMEA) at John Deere Ability Systems, says, “John Deere has been employing DPF technology back Interim Tier 4/Stage III B, consistent in added than 425 actor hours of acreage experience. We accept approved and accurate the use of DPF technology in our engines for abounding centralized and alien off-highway applications, and will always clarify our arrangement to accomplish enhancements that strengthen appliance adaptability for customers.”
For Volvo Penta, however, the use of uncooled bankrupt gas recirculation (EGR) will be the advantage for Stage V. An electrical bankrupt burden governor (EPG) and basin burke accredit the arrangement to action after the charge to inject ammunition into the bankrupt beck to accession the temperature.
With this approach, Volvo Penta says that there is “no aerial temperature about-face due to the actuality that sulphur about-face in the SCR agitator is not required; alone charcoal about-face is bare to apple-pie the agent chapped clarify (DPF).”
When asked about any added issues with engines and the regulations surrounding them, Liebherr says, “As a architect of both accouterment and engines, we accept that added reductions in emissions, abnormally of CO2, can be bigger accomplished through optimisation of the accomplished drive alternation and another fuels like PODE than through ever-stricter regulations of the engines.
“In our opinion, added optimisation of components, usage-dependent adjustment and optimisation of the cyberbanking controls ability accompany improvements of added than 15% in adaptable applications.”
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